During World War II many Japanese Americans were relocated and detained in camps, most located in western states, including California. Special Collections holds several collections of materials focused on Japanese internment. While exploring the Carey McWilliams War Relocation Authority Records for her research, Hilary Blum, a CGU student, was excited to find documents discussing the censorship of newspaper photographs from the camps. Here’s what she had to say about her discovery.
“Most scholarship concerning the reactions of Japanese Americans to incarceration during WWII addresses attempts to prove loyalty, for example, through cooperation with relocation or through military service. Scholars have also paid significant attention to those who resisted the removal of their rights through active means such as through the courts and through refusal to serve in the military. While cooperation and active resistance are important fields of study, little attention has been paid to the less apparent, everyday forms of resistance in the camps. In my thesis, I will address how many Japanese Americans resisted generalized anti-Japanese racism, racialized laws, incarceration, and cultural white-washing during WWII through greater adherence to traditional Japanese culture and religion and by documenting their experiences in the camps.
“I expect that the Claremont Library Special Collections will be very useful in my research. Recently I was excited to find War Relocation Authority [WRA] documents about the censoring of newspaper photography of the camps. The WRA wanted to control public perceptions of the camps and limiting photography was one way they accomplished this. I am also looking forward to exploring the Iwanaga Collection of Heart Mountain photographs taken by a person incarcerated there who wanted to document his experiences in the camps.”
If you are interested in exploring Special Collections’ holdings on Japanese internment, try searching for “Japanese internment” on the library home page (Library Search) and limit to Special Collections, or browse these archival collections in the Online Archive of California.
Kruska Japanese Internment Collection
Kenzo Robert Koike Papers
Yamano Japanese Internment Collection
Ken Tamura Papers
War Relocation Authority Records
George S. Iwanaga Papers
Special Collections houses the Mrs. Humphry Ward Papers. Mary Augusta Ward (1851-1920), born Mary Arnold, was a British writer at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. A niece of Matthew Arnold and the aunt of Aldous Huxley, she was also active in social work and an opponent of women’s suffrage. The collection consists of letters between Mrs. Ward and her publishers, family and friends, photographs, miscellaneous documents, and notebooks that hold drafts of her novels and articles.
Even today, scholars are interested in Mrs. Humphry Ward. Beth Sutton-Ramspeck, a professor at The Ohio State University at Lima has written and edited two books on Mrs. Humphry Ward using the Ward Papers in Special Collections. Pictured are the two books she completed as a result of her research and donated to Special Collections.
What are the chances! After looking through two archival collections, I discovered two photographs of donkeys! One photograph is of Alice Baldwin, Pomona College class of 1913, standing next to a “burro” in snow. This photograph is from the Alice Baldwin Papers. The papers contain diaries, letters, photographs, and mementos from Alice’s time at Pomona College.
The second photograph comes from the E. C. (Edwin Clarence) Norton Papers. Norton was the first dean of Pomona College from 1888 to 1926. This photograph was taken during a trip to Delphi in January 1905. The Norton papers contain his speeches, church programs, and Amherst College alumni news.
Who would have known that we have two donkey images from the early 1900s from these Pomona College affiliated individuals!
Within the last six months, two patrons from New York have requested copies of Mary Louise Booth letters, the founding editor of Harper’s Bazaar. The letters are from the William McPherson Papers. One of these letters was written by journalist and world traveler Thomas W. Knox. In it, he asks Booth if she received his article “Round the world in a curry dish” that he mailed to her.
Perhaps the interest of the two patrons stems from the magazine’s 150th anniversary in 2017. Happy upcoming 150th anniversary, Harper’s Bazaar!
This Fall, inspired by our colleagues in ILL, Special Collections mapped all the places in the world where our patrons outside of Claremont reside, study, and conduct their research. These patrons are using our online request system, Aeon, to ask for scans of materials held in our collections. For the most part, traveling to Claremont to conduct their research in person is not an option for these patrons, and so access is facilitated by digitizing the materials they have identified as vital to their research. The files scanned for patrons can be uploaded directly to their Aeon accounts, providing convenient access and the ability to download and save the files for future reference.
View Mapping Patron Requests in Aeon in a full screen map
Special Collections has provided digitized materials for patrons in 171 unique locations around the globe, the majority of which are in the United States, and among those, the majority are in California. The farthest a patron’s Aeon request has traveled is 9,963 miles, from Stellenbosch, in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
Clicking on the map above will open it in a new page, allowing you to then click on each marker to see the specific location from where patrons requested Special Collections materials.
Visualizing where our patrons are in the world allows us to see the role we play in providing access to the resources that make their research possible. Whether we are supporting patrons reaching out to us from behind their computers around the globe, or patrons walking through the doors of the Reading Room, it is always satisfying to know that researchers are aware of and are using the resources we strive to make accessible.
Students, teachers, historians, and local history enthusiasts will find a treasure trove of L.A. history at the 7th Annual Los Angeles Archives Bazaar. Presented by L.A. as Subject, a research collective hosted by the USC Libraries, the Bazaar offers numerous resources for exploring the rich histories of L.A.’s diverse neighborhoods and communities and virtually any subject related to the Los Angeles region.
Held at the Doheny Memorial Library on the USC campus, the Bazaar will feature exhibits over 70 local historical collections, museums, libraries and archives. Attendees can browse collections, schedule research visits, and consult with experts. Throughout the day, educational programming will cover a range of topics.
Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library and the Ella Strong Denison Library will share an exhibitor table – be sure to stop by and see us!
Admission is FREE!
Date: Saturday, October 27, 2012
Time: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Doheny Memorial Library
USC University Park Campus
For more information visit http://www.laassubject.org/index.php/archives_bazaar.
Now through December 22, come “tour” Yosemite through books, photographs, drawings, ephemera and other, mostly 19th century, primary source materials.See how visitors traveled to Yosemite. See where they stayed and what they did and saw. See how they reflected upon their experiences after leaving this wondrous place!
You can visit the exhibit anytime during Honnold/Mudd Library hours. Exhibit space is located 2nd floor, Honnold side, just inside the North entrance and just outside Special Collections. Exhibit was co-curated by Char Miller, W. M. Keck Professor of Environmental Analysis, Pomona College and Lisa Crane, Western Americana Librarian, Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library.
Many items are on loan for this exhibit. However, some items from Special Collections, Honnold/Muud Library are also included; such as a 1904 diary and photo album from Pomona College, Class of 1900 alum Robert P. and Alice B. Jennings documenting their trip from Los Angeles to Yosemite via wagon and stereoview photographs from the Martin Mason Hazeltine collection.
There will be two related programs:
On Saturday, October 13th there will be a reception, talk and gallery tour by Denny Kruska, Los Angeles author and bibliographer, who loaned many of the materials on display. More details to follow.
On Wednesday, October 31st, Char Miller will give a Claremont Discourse Lecture on “Public Lands, Public Debates: A Century of Controversy”, his latest publication.
So save the dates! More information coming!
Special Collections library staff are happy to see all of the students back on campus this week and particularly welcome those new to Claremont! Stop by and see us sometime– we are located on the 2nd floor of the Honnold/Mudd Library, near the North Entrance.
One of our current projects in Special Collections is going through all of the photographs we have from the Claremont Colleges, ensuring that they are properly labeled and preserved. It is fascinating to see how the buildings, faculty, and students have changed over the years. We hope you are more excited for the Fall semester than this Pomona College Dormitory Group from 1889!
Pomona College Commencement Program, June 5,1966
One talented (anonymous) attendee found a way to pass the time!
Front of program
Back of program